The term "wokou" literally means "dwarf pirates", with "wo" being the Classical Chinese pejorative for the Japanese people. The term was first used to refer to Japanese invaders on the Gwanggaeto Stele in 414 AD, and was reused in 1223 when Japanese pirates raided the Korean coast.

Printed with archival-quality ink on high-grade paper.

Design no. 4803

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